Is it Sarcasm, Satire or Irony?

Posted: November 29, 2011 in Uncategorized

Irony: the discrepancy between what is said and what is meant, what is said and what is done,
what is expected or intended and what happens, what is meant or said and what others understand,
or two or more incongruous objects, actions, persons juxtaposed. Sometimes irony is classified
into types:

  •  in situational irony, expectations aroused by a situation are reversed;
  •  in cosmic irony or the irony of fate, misfortune is the result of fate, chance or God;
  •  in dramatic irony, the audience knows more than the characters, so that words and action have additional meaning;
  •  Socratic irony is named after Socrates’ teaching method, whereby he assumes ignorance and openness to opposing points of view which turn out to be foolish.
  • Irony is often confused with sarcasm and satire.
  • Sarcasm is praise which is really an insult; sarcasm generally involves malice, the desire
  • to put someone down, e.g., “This is my brilliant son, who failed out of college.”
  • Satire is the exposure of the vices or follies of an individual, a group, an institution, an idea, a society, etc., usually with a view to correcting it. Satirists frequently use irony.